Fake news: To beat your enemy, get to know them
Phony or manipulated images that have been used to buttress fake news stories
By Nelson Graves
Angelina and Brad are getting back together again. Reading books lowers a child’s IQ. Trump and Putin play solitaire every day.
Those are some of the false yarns that students produced during a recent course aimed at raising awareness of fake news, hoaxes and satire.
Among exercises, students selected photographs that had been altered to support bogus news reports: thousands of fake ballots for Hillary Clinton, two penguins perched on a melting ice cap, a transparent iPhone, the Loch Ness monster.
At the end of the course, which included webinars with two News-Decoder experts, students produced guides to help young people distinguish legitimate news stories from fakes and satire.
Some of the common tips:
- Check sources in articles
- Check the URL (.com.co is often fake)
- Check to see if the report is carried elsewhere
- Pause if the story stirs a strong emotion in you
- Use fact-checking sites like Snopes
- Make sure the article matches the headline
- Does the story use a click-bait photo?
- Read the article to the very end before sharing
- Check the author
- Check if the quotes are elsewhere on the Internet
- Check the publication date
- Be aware of confirmation bias
- Read a variety of sources
Finally, students contributed to a quiz to see if you can tell what’s real and what isn’t:
Has a lucky couple won $10 million on a lottery ticket? Was YouTube star Adam Saleh kicked off a Delta flight for speaking Arabic on the phone with his mother? Did suicides among transgender youths increase after Donald Trump was elected U.S. president?
Want to read headlines from some more of the fake news stories produced by students? Click here.
Here are some guides that students created to help distinguish between fake and real news: